Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There are many causes of attention and concentration difficulties in children and young people. When young people experience these we conduct a general, holistic assessment to develop an understanding of the underlying reasons for these difficulties.

About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

ADHD is a behavioural syndrome characterised by 3 core symptoms

  • Hyperactivity 
  • Impulsivity 
  • Inattention. 

These symptoms tend to be  grouped together. Some children are predominantly hyperactive and impulsive, while others are principally inattentive. The latter group may be classified as suffering from ADD rather than ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD are distributed throughout the population and vary in severity. Only young people with significant impairment meet the criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD. 

Appropriate recognition and treatment is highly effective in preventing some of the secondary problems that arise if ADHD is left un-recognised or managed. Secondary problems include:

  • poor educational achievement
  • peer relationship difficulties
  • anxiety
  • low self-esteem
  • conduct / behavioural problems
  • depression

How do we carry out our assessment?

Some young people are referred specifically for an assessment for potential ADHD or ADD. For other’s during our work with the young person we consider it possible that the young person may suffer from ADHD or ADD. 

A tailored but holistic  assessment includes:

  • Meeting with the young person and their family
  • Observing and interacting with the child oryoung person
  • Gathering information from other people or professionals that know the young person. Most commonly information from school, but also from other sources such as  family members or after school clubs. Information is collected with appropriate family consent 

The assessment is outlined in a report. 

Treatment of ADHD and ADD

Intervention is tailored to the severity and individual circumstances of the young person and their family. 

Approaches adopted include:

  • Psycho-education for the young person, family and other professionals working with the child or young person.
  • Liaison with education
  • Advice on management of behaviour
  • Medication
  • Adoption of broader therapeutic approaches to treat co-existing mental health difficulties